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    • Commentary: World Bank lauds hydro project in Laos despite reports of loss of livelihood & undelivered land titles
      "World Bank shrugs off responsibility for hydro project in Laos", 23 June 2018 ...[T]he World Bank announced in a statement that the Nam Theun 2 Environmental and Social and Project had closed.... ...[T]he statement glosses over major and ongoing misgivings regarding the NT2 project's persistent failures to reach sustainability targets. ...The NT2 project led to the involuntary resettlement […]
    • 日本:外国人技能実習生、法令違反4200事業所 4年連続で最多
    • Japan: 70 percent of investigated companies violate rights of foreign labourers
      Approximately 70 percent of companies investigated by the labour authorities in 2017 were guilty of labour rights violations against foreign labourers in Japan under the Technical Internship Trainee Programme (TITP). Violations included forcing ‘interns’ to work excessive overtime, withholding of wages, and inadequate safety measures. In one case, a printing company had forced an ‘intern’ […]
    • Airlines to Trump: Don't put separated migrant kids on our flights
      American Airlines and others do not want the US government using their fleets to transport migrant children torn from their families as a result of the Trump administration's controversial border policy..."We bring families together, not apart," American Airlines said in a strongly worded statement Wednesday hours before President Trump signed an executive order to halt […]
    • Amazon shareholders ask company to stop selling facial recognition technology to governments following NGO warnings
      "Amazon shareholders demand company stop selling facial recognition technology to governments", 19 June 2018 A group of Amazon shareholders is asking CEO Jeff Bezos to stop selling and marketing pattern-recognition technology to governments after civil liberties groups warned of the potential for abuse. Earlier this year, a group of advocacy organisations led by the American Civil […]
    • UK: High Court allows judicial review of decision on employment rights of Deliveroo riders
      "Union wins first round in Deliveroo high court employment challenge", 15 June 2018 A union has been given the go-ahead for a high court challenge over the employment rights of Deliveroo riders in another step forward for gig economy workers. The Independent Workers Union of Great Britain (IWGB) wants the court to overturn a ruling that […]
    • Brasil: cientistas divulgam dados sobre danos causados por Belo Monte à biodiversidade e às comunidades locais do Xingu
      A revista Biological Conservation, da editora global de literatura médica e científica Elsevier, publicou um relatório que alerta para os danos causados pelo Complexo Hidrelétrico de Belo Monte (CHBM) em Volta Grande, no Xingu. A área foi escolhida por ser um centro de diversidade de espécies da região, abrigo de significativa porcentagem de exemplares endêmicos, […]
    • Switzerland: Swiss companies lack a common approach and knowledge regarding human rights obligations, according to an expert
      "Swiss firms lack 'unified approach' on business and human rights", 14 June 2018 Companies in Switzerland are quite active when it comes to corporate social responsibility, but a common approach is lacking and many large firms are unfamiliar with their international human rights obligations, says business ethics campaigner Chantal Peyer...swissinfo.ch: In 2016, the Federal Council […]
    • Gambie: la société civile en colère après la mort de deux manifestants
      En Gambie, après la mort lundi 18 juin de deux manifestants tués par la police dans la ville de Faraba Banta, les citoyens font entendre leur désarroi. Selon l'inspecteur général de la police, les agents de l'unité d'intervention n'étaient pas autorisés à utiliser des balles réelles. Pourtant, deux jeunes hommes de 17 et 22 ans […]
    • Gambie: démission du chef de la police après les événements de Faraba Banta
      En Gambie, les événements de Faraba Banta ont poussé le chef de la police à remettre sa démission au président jeudi 21 juin. Trois personnes sont mortes lundi dans cette ville au sud de Banjul, alors que la police a tiré à balles réelles sur des manifestants. Ces habitants s'étaient rassemblés pour protester contre l'exploitation […]

    United States Trade Representative

    United States Trade Representative

    Mission of the USTR
    American trade policy works toward opening markets throughout the world to create new opportunities and higher living standards for families, farmers, manufacturers, workers, consumers, and businesses. The United States is party to numerous trade agreements with other countries, and is participating in negotiations for new trade agreements with a number of countries and regions of the world.

    The Office of the U.S. Trade Representative (USTR) is responsible for developing and coordinating U.S. international trade, commodity, and direct investment policy, and overseeing negotiations with other countries. The head of USTR is the U.S. Trade Representative, a Cabinet member who serves as the president’s principal trade advisor, negotiator, and spokesperson on trade issues.

    USTR is part of the Executive Office of the President. Through an interagency structure, USTR coordinates trade policy, resolves disagreements, and frames issues for presidential decision. USTR also serves as vice chairman of the Board of Directors of the Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC), is on the Board of Directors of the Millennium Challenge Corporation, is a non-voting member of the Export-Import Bank Board of Directors, and a member of the National Advisory Council on International Monetary and Financial Policies.

    • Items proposed for consideration at the next meeting of Dispute Settlement Body
      The WTO Secretariat has circulated a meeting notice and list of items proposed for the next meeting, on 22 June 2018, of the Dispute Settlement Body, which consists of all WTO members and oversees legal disputes among them. The meeting notice is circulated in the form of a document officially called an “airgram”.
    • Japan initiates WTO dispute complaint against Korean duties on steel
      Japan has requested WTO dispute consultations with Korea regarding Korean anti-dumping duties levied on stainless steel bars from Japan. The request was circulated to WTO members on 21 June.
    • WTO members intensify discussions on standards
      WTO members continued their three-year review of the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Agreement, proposing ideas on how to improve implementation of the Agreement at a TBT committee meeting on 19-21 June. Eleven new proposals were submitted by members, with the committee scheduled to conclude the review by November 2018. Members also discussed 61 specific […]
    • Norway initiates WTO dispute complaint against US steel, aluminium duties
      Norway has requested WTO dispute consultations with the United States regarding US duties on certain imported steel and aluminium products. The request was circulated to WTO members on 19 June.
    • Trade Policy Review: Norway
      The seventh review of the trade policies and practices of Norway takes place on 18 and 20 June 2018. The basis for the review is a report by the WTO Secretariat and a report by the Government of Norway.
    • Advanced Trade Policy Course for officials from Latin America and the Caribbean
      Twenty-two government officials from Latin America and the Caribbean are attending the Advanced Trade Policy Course (ATPC), which is taking place at WTO headquarters in Geneva from 4 June to 27 July 2018. The course was opened by Raymundo Valdes, Head of the Course Design and Training Section of the Institute for Training and Technical […]
    • EIF symposium looks at how to make trade more inclusive for LDCs
      Representatives from 42 least-developed countries (LDCs) met at the first Global Forum on Inclusive Trade for LDCs taking place at the WTO on 13-14 June 2018 to seek ways to further integrate the world’s poorest countries into the multilateral trading system. The event has been organized by the Enhanced Integrated Framework (EIF), a programme dedicated […]
    • DDG Wolff: WTO can contribute to a more resilient, inclusive agricultural trading system
      Speaking at a WTO Symposium on the Agriculture Policy Landscape on 13 June, Deputy Director-General Alan Wolff said WTO members need to commit to sharing information, broadening perspectives and engaging with each other with open minds in order to build resilience in the global agri-food system. In conclusion, he said: “Together we can identify opportunities […]
    • Agriculture Committee reviews US counter-notification of India’s farm subsidy spending
      At a meeting of the Agriculture Committee on 11-12 June, WTO members discussed a counter-notification filed by the United States regarding India’s farm subsidies. Members also held their annual discussion on export competition and agreed to conclude the first three-year review of the elimination of export subsidies at the Committee meeting in September. In addition, […]
    • Trade Policy Review: Colombia
      The fifth review of the trade policies and practices of Colombia takes place on 12 and 14 June 2018. The basis for the review is a report by the WTO Secretariat and a report by the Government of Colombia.
    • What does the EU position on justice and home affairs mean for European security?
      Following the European Commission's recent comments on justice and home affairs after Brexit, Open Europe's Anna Nadibaidze argues that the EU's own 'red lines' could result in a outcome that is detrimental to both the EU and the UK. The post What does the EU position on justice and home affairs mean for European security? […]
    • Director Henry Newman discusses our new report on the future UK-EU economic partnership
      Open Europe's Director Henry Newman appeared on the BBC's Daily Politics programme to discuss Open Europe's new report, "Striking a Balance: A blueprint for the future UK-EU economic partnership", arguing that the UK should seek to remain closely aligned to the EU on goods regulations while retaining the ability to diverge on services. Newman appeared […]
    • Striking a Balance: A blueprint for the future UK-EU economic partnership
      Open Europe's new report outlines a proposal for the future bilateral trading relationship where the UK remain highly integrated with the EU in goods, but obtains the flexibility to diverge in services. The post Striking a Balance: A blueprint for the future UK-EU economic partnership appeared first on Open Europe.
    • Customs union is not the right answer to Brexit questions
      Open Europe's Henry Newman appeared on ITV's Peston on Sunday programme from May 27, discussing the progress of Brexit negotiations, the EU (Withdrawal) Bill, the option of a second referendum and the customs union debate. The post Customs union is not the right answer to Brexit questions appeared first on Open Europe.
    • How “special” will the UK-EU security partnership really be?
      Against the background of an ongoing row over the UK's participation in the EU's Galileo programme, both sides have presented their vision for future bilateral security partnership. Open Europe's Aarti Shankar argues that the solution to the Galileo argument could determine how ambitious a UK-EU defence and security agreement is.The post How “special” will the […]
    • There are difficult negotiations ahead on the next EU budget
      The European Commission yesterday published its proposal for the next EU budget, due to run from 2021-2027. The proposal features some modernising aspects, but it is likely to be resisted in many European capitals. Open Europe’s Enea Desideri takes a look at the document’s key features and at member states’ initial reactions.The post There are […]
    • British-Irish relations show signs of Brexit strain
      Following the recent anniversary of the Good Friday Agreement, Open Europe's Aarti Shankar notes that tensions are surfacing in UK-Ireland relations over the Brexit border issue.The post British-Irish relations show signs of Brexit strain appeared first on Open Europe.
    • What future for Europe’s foreign and defence policy?
      Following a joint operation conducted by the US, France and the UK in Syria last week, Open Europe’s Enea Desideri considers how that intervention illustrates the foreign and defence policy dilemmas facing Europe after BrexitThe post What future for Europe’s foreign and defence policy? appeared first on Open Europe.
    • What to make of Labour’s Brexit tests?
      Following comments by Labour's Barry Gardiner that it is not possible to achieve the "exact same benefits" as part of a future UK-EU deal, Open Europe's Henry Newman assesses the politics of the Opposition's Brexit tests.The post What to make of Labour’s Brexit tests? appeared first on Open Europe.
    • Examining Barnier’s latest comments
      Michel Barnier's yesterday suggested that the UK could change its mind on membership of the Single Market and the Customs Union during the Brexit transition, Open Europe's Henry Newman argues that this has important domestic implications for the "meaningful" parliamentary vote on Brexit, and for amendments to the UK Customs bill.The post Examining Barnier’s latest […]